Daily Archives: October 8, 2018

(Picture Credit: Getty Images)  Are Vaccines Necessary For Indoor Cats? indoor cats vaccinations

(Picture Credit: Getty Images)

Question:

My cat lives indoors. Are vaccines necessary?

Answer:

Like many veterinarians, I wish I had a quick and simple answer, but there is no “one size fits all” solution to the complex (and sometimes controversial) question of what vaccines should be given to cats. Some people hesitate to vaccinate their cats due to concerns about over-vaccination and a type of tumor called a vaccine-associated sarcoma. Some cats are really difficult to take to a veterinary hospital. However, it is important to discuss your cat’s individual risk factors with your veterinarian before skipping any shots.

The American Association of Feline Practitioners vaccination guideline recommends that get a full series of vaccinations against panleukopenia, feline herpes type 1, calicivirus, feline leukemia, and rabies followed by a booster one year later. The type and frequency of vaccines given after that point varies considerably, depending on a cat’s lifestyle, and where you live. If your cat is truly 100% indoors, and does not have contact with indoor-outdoor cats, the current recommendation is to continue to receive boosters for panleukopenia, feline herpes type 1, calicivirus every 3 years, as these diseases do not require direct cat-to-cat contact to spread.

Also rabies vaccination should be in compliance with local legal requirements. Even if rabies is not mandatory where you live, there are other reasons to give it to an indoor-only cat: if it is likely that wildlife (especially bats) might come into your home, if it is likely your cat might bite a person, or if you may be taking your cat overseas within a year.

If your cat’s risk of disease exposure warrants more vaccines and more frequent vaccination, talk to your veterinarian about newer types of vaccines (such as non-adjuvented and transdermal vaccines) that reduce the risk of sarcomas. And for cats who don’t want to make the trip to the hospital, find a doctor who will come to you! House-call veterinarians are available in many areas.

Source

http://cattime.com/cat-facts/health/1292-are-vaccines-necessary-for-indoor-cats

Cats love #Freshpet – and so do I! {Giveaway}

I was NOT compensated for this post. I received a FREE product to facilitate this review. All thoughts/opinions are my own. Your experience may differ.

When it comes to our kitties, we want the best for them. We buy them whatever brand of cat food they love best, even if it costs $20 a bag and they get tired of it within a month. But sometimes the food they isn’t necessarily good for them. Their favorite brand may contain a lot of grain, which may cause obesity, which causes another slew of problems.

Freshpet has a single-minded mission – to improve the lives of dogs and cats everywhere through the power of fresh, natural food. Packed with vitamins and proteins, Fresh pet foods offer fresh meats, poultry, and vegetables farmed locally. The Freshpet Kitchens prepare these natural ingredients and everyday essentials, cooking them in small batches at lower temperatures to preserve key nutrients. Your pet deserves the best!

Refrigerated for freshness, it is suggested to be used within days of opening.

Their line of cat food includes Bagged Meals for Cats, Slice & Serve for Cats that are available, and Cat Cups in Gravy. Flavors will vary depending on the variety chosen.

BUY
You can purchase Freshpet products at mass grocers, natural food stores, and special pet retailers. Use their store locator to find certain products near you.

This is Ailig (which is Gaelic for Alex). He is as sweet as pie, but he also loves to eat. Because he is only 4 months old, we didn’t want him to start having weight problems (along with our Siamese male, Brother, who loves to eat as well), so we were searching that would be a little more healthy.
The first to try it out was Ailig. One sniff of the soft morsels and he was sold! He ate most of what was in the bowl before walking away and letting Brother get whatever bites were left, which wasn’t much. Brother hungrily chowed down, and even begged me for more, which I happily obliged, since he didn’t get a lot.

While I still plan on using their current favorite brand of the month, I know I can substitute some mealtimes for this healthy alternative!

Because I know that you also want the best for your pet, two(2) winners will each receive a Freshpet FREE product coupon! Enter below. Good luck!

Source

http://edgeofinsane.blogspot.com/2016/06/cats-love-freshpet.html

A newly released study may have put an age-old debate to rest: dogs are smarter than cats.

Despite the air of superiority cats are known for portraying, a team of U.S. researchers have found dogs to be their intellectual superiors.

Vanderbilt University associate professor of psychology and biological sciences, Suzana Herculano-Houzel explains the study focused on comparing different species of carnivorans to see how the number of neurons in their brains relates to the size of their brains.

Herculano-Houzel associates the number of “little-grey cells,” or neurons, with a species’ capacity for “thinking, planning and complex behaviour – all considered hallmarks of intelligence.”

“I believe the absolute number of neurons an animal has, especially in the cerebral cortex, determines the richness of their internal mental state and their ability to predict what is about to happen in their environment based on past experience,” Herculano-Houzel explains in a Vanderbilt University news release.

The study found that domestic cats have approximately 250 million cortical neurons while dogs have about 530 million. Humans, by comparison, have about 16 billion.

“I’m 100 percent a dog person, but, with that disclaimer, our findings mean to me that dogs have the biological capability of doing much more complex and flexible things with their lives than cats can,” said Herculano-Houze. “At the least, we now have some biology that people can factor into their discussions about who’s smarter, cats or dogs.”

Eight species were included in the study: ferret, mongoose, cat, dog, raccoon, lion, hyena and brown bear.

While dogs may have larger brains than cats, the study shows that brain size doesn’t always determine the number of cortical neurons. Rather, the study found that for the largest carnivores, the neuron-to-brain-size ratio is lower. An example of this is the brown bear. While it’s brain is 10 times larger than that of a house cat, they were found to possess about the same number of neurons.

Meanwhile raccoons, with roughly cat-sized brains, were found to possess a similar number of neurons as dogs.

“Raccoons are not your typical carnivoran,” said Herculano-Houzel. “They have a fairly small brain but they have as many neurons as you would expect to find in a primate… and that’s a lot of neurons.”


@SalmonArmnewstips@saobserver.net
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Source

http://www.abbynews.com/trending-now/study-finds-dogs-smarter-than-cats/

A vice is nothing more than a virtue taken too far.

Everyone knows about this relationship between vice and virtue but few agree where the line should be drawn and it raises some important questions:

When does thrift become avarice?

Or love become lust?

Or belief become delusion?

But most important of all, when does empathy become a yard full of stray cats?

It is something my wife and I argue about. Her definition of where too many cats begins and my definition of where empathy should end is an annual squabble.

This is farm country. A region where grain bins punctuate the horizon and legions of semi-feral cats give chase to hosts of rodents.

Both cats and rodents proliferate during the warm days of summer but every autumn, sensing the onset of bitter weather, they venture forth in search of better quarters.

And my wife feeds any cat who shows up.

First came Twiggy. She was a calico cat who arrived so thin that the name came to mind and I say she, because all calico cats are female.   Being the first to show up, she came when empathy was in full bloom.

Lucky her.

Then Elvis turned up.

Then Elena.

Then came the horde of nameless cats who scamper at the edge of our vision like shadows in the night. We only know they are there by the measure of cat food that sifts through the big metal feeder on our deck.

But then came Tux.

He was too fat, too sleek, too friendly for a barn cat. He was a city cat, who somebody tossed into a ditch. It happens all the time.

So he joined the scrum on the deck.

It is not where he felt he belonged though. He spent his days pressing his nose against the screen door and mournfully peering inside at our three house cats, who are nowhere near as generous as we are.

We could have taken him to the animal shelter but those good people have grown weary of us. One of these days they will lock their doors when they spot our truck – but they haven’t yet.  I gave them a break this time – so I guess we are all learning the boundaries of empathy.

But as the seasons turn, a curious thing happens: the number of cats in our backyard dwindles.

Some are snatched by coyotes.

Others fall prey to disease.

A few simply return to their original homes.

In the fall, new opportunities appear in old familiar places.  There is a natural mortality of cats on the farm.  Grain trucks rumble to and fro, machinery shifts about – and all this takes a toll on cats.

It is something our strays are remarkably attuned to. When a spot in the hierarchy opens up, even miles away, they will know and scamper off to claim it.  So by the first snow, we will be back down to our normal quota of yard cats.

It is just part of rural life.

It is an environment that is harshest on the city cats. Though we keep the feeder full and put down straw in sheltered places –  few city cats have what it takes to make it through a Minnesota winter.

“Have you seen Tux lately?” my wife asked one morning.

“No,” I told her.

She looked out the living room window to check on the cat feeder. “I thought I saw him last night,” she said.

“I doubt you did,” I told her.

“I am sure I did,” she said.

So that night when I heard the rustle of frozen leaves and the scratch of claws on the feeder, I glanced out the window.

“It isn’t Tux,” I told her.

“Are you sure?” she asked.

“It is black and white alright,” I said, “but the white goes from the tip of its nose to the tip of its tail.”

“Oh dear…”

I took care of it.

I know how to live trap skunks without getting sprayed and when I got him, I took the virtue of generosity to the point where it could be considered a vice.   I gave the skunk a car ride.

I figure if town people can share their pets with us, I can share our wildlife with them.

Source

https://almostiowa.com/2016/11/06/my-stray-cats/

Molle and Diaguita are two of the rarest wildcats on earth, but thanks to trail cams high in the Andes mountains, researchers are learning more about the behavior and even sounds of the small, reclusive Andean Cats (Leopardus jacobita) and sharing videos of them on Twitter, Instagram and Facebook.

What are Andean Cats?

At 8 to 10 pounds, Andean Cats weigh little more than the typical housecat, and they’re seemingly all tail — at 16 to 19 inches in length, it makes up approximately 70 percent of the body length.

Andean cats wear a thick, plush coat of silver-gray with a pale belly covered in dark spots, dark gray bars across the chest and forelegs, and darker, narrower splotches or stripes on the legs.

The tail has long, thick fur all the way around, dark banding and a black tip. Young Andean Cats have lighter colored fur and may be confused with Pampas Cats (L. colocolo).

Where do you find Andean Cats?

Preferring rocky habitats high above the timberline, they’re found in Argentina (including the northern Patagonia steppe), Bolivia, Chile and Peru. The Andean Cat Alliance, a network of researchers, estimate that fewer than 1,400 of the cats remain throughout their range, threatened by habitat destruction and hunting.

All About the Andean Cat Alliance

The Andean Cat Alliance has spent nearly 20 years raising awareness about the cats in the communities where they are found and developing conservation strategies. To learn more about Molle and Diaguita and other Andean cats, visit: Twitter: @AndeanCats; Instagram: @AndeanCats; Facebook: @AndeanCats.

Kim Campbell Thornton has been writing about cats and dogs for 32 years. She is the award-winning author of more than two dozen books and hundreds of articles on pet care, health and behavior.

Thumbnail: Photography Courtesy Christian Sepulveda; Mitigation Conflict Program/Andean Cat Alliance.

Read more about wildcats on Catster.com:

Source

http://www.catster.com/the-scoop/andean-cats

MONTREAL — All signs point toward Johnny Manziel getting his first CFL start for the Montreal Alouettes this week.

When the Alouettes reassembled for practice on Monday, the 2012 Heisman Trophy winner took snaps with the first-stringers before last week’s starter, Vernon Adams.

Coach Mike Sherman would not confirm who his starter will be on Friday against the Hamilton Tiger-Cats, but he told reporters to draw their own conclusions.

The obvious conclusion would be that Manziel starts, with Adams backing up.

“We didn’t trade for Johnny to have him sit on the bench, so obviously, Johnny’s come over here to get reps and become the best player he can become, and we stated that process today,” said Sherman. “You probably all figured it out yourself, but when you have two players you wait till game time to make that announcement.

“It doesn’t make sense to do it any sooner.”

If he starts, Manziel will be the fourth starter and the fifth quarterback overall to play for Montreal (1-5) in six games this season. Both opening day starter Drew Willy and backup Jeff Mathews are injured, which prompted Alouettes GM Kavis Reed to swing a five-player deal with Hamilton to get Manziel, who had been cooling his heels behind Jeremiah Masoli since the start of the season with the Tiger-Cats.

Manziel was not made available to reporters on Monday.

Adams, who was released by Hamilton and signed for a second stint in Montreal on June 26, looked promising as the starter in last week’s 44-23 loss at home to Edmonton. The Alouettes matched a season high in points and could have had more if not for a dropped touchdown pass and three missed field goals.

But throughout the game, many fans at Percival Molson Stadium were calling for Manziel, who Sherman wisely kept on the sideline, not wishing to risk injury to an unprepared quarterback who had been acquired only four days earlier and had only two full practices with the team.

Some fans were upset because they’d bought tickets to see Manziel, so the pressure is on to get him into a game. But Sherman said he alone will decide who plays.

“Last week it was my decision not to play him and what I do this week is my decision,” he said.

It appears that Adams will be passed over by the Alouettes for a second time. In 2016, he ended the season with three straight wins and was thought to be the starter for 2017, but Montreal opted to go with veteran Darian Durant and Adams was shipped out.

“That’s why nobody should be surprised,” said Adams. “They haven’t said anything, but you guys saw today, so we’ll see how it goes.

“I love football so much. I’m blessed. I can’t hang my head. When I’m by myself I have those thoughts that man, this is happening to me again. But if I’m going to sit here and complain about everything, everything’s just going to keep getting worse. I just have to keep getting better and better and keep preparing as if I’m going to start.”

Adams and Manziel are similar quarterbacks in that both are mobile and like to make plays on the run. With Adams behind centre, running back Tyrell Sutton saw as much action catching short passes out of the backfield as he did carrying the ball.

“I love it because you can call the same plays for them and they both have that improvisation to their game, something you can’t really teach,” said Sutton. “I told them they were two of the best college players I’ve ever seen.

“They have a lot of talent and can make things happen not only with their arms but with their legs so it’s good to have both of them.”

The club has not only changed quarterbacks from week to week, but also hasn’t had the same set of offensive linemen for two games in a row. That will be the case again after guard Ryan Bomben was traded on Sunday for defensive back T.J. Heath. Cornerback Mitchell White suffered a likely season-ending injury and defensive back Najee Murray tore an ACL against Edmonton.

Third-string quarterback Matt Shiltz injured a shoulder against Edmonton, so newcomer Austin Apodaca could fill that role this week.

“It’s funny, we have three quarterbacks here now who weren’t here during training camp, so we’re kind of starting from the ground up and working things out,” said Sutton.

Receiver Adarius Bowman, a three-time CFL all-star acquired last week from Winnipeg, had his first practice in Montreal and should play.

Canadian Press

Canadian Press

Source

https://www.sportsnet.ca/football/cfl/manziel-looks-set-start-alouettes-tiger-cats/

We all know cats rule the internet, and in doing so, they’ve also conquered our laptops. An animal behavioral consultant tells Inverse this could be another move in their master plan to achieve world domination — or at least get our undivided attention for five minutes.

Cats love plopping themselves in unusual places like laptops or Amazon Prime boxes because their thermoneutral zone — where they’re not expending energy to cool off or get warm — is between 85 and 100 degrees. Cozy zones like blankets (and sometimes computer keyboards), can help cats keep their body temperature nice and high.

This makes sense, but it’s not the only reason.

“The laptop is on your lap, which is prime kitty territory,” animal behavioral consultant Amy Shojai tells Inverse. “ You stare at it constantly, and the cat would prefer you direct your attention to them, so it gets in between you and the screen.”

— Manda Collins 🐈 (@MandaCollins) April 26, 2018

— cassidy dawn graves (@malegazegraves) April 26, 2018

Other experts agree, adding that this sort of behavior is guaranteed to get humans to react somehow. Cats know this and use it to their advantage, probably to get pets and treats, which we will, of course, always give them.

“Many cats sit on spots such as keyboards and laptops because they are near their favorite person and can be at the center of their attention,” Marilyn Krieger, certified cat behavior consultant and author of , tellsReader’s Digest. “Usually people reinforce the behavior by petting the cat and/or talking with him. Cats quickly learn that when they sit on the keyboard they get what they want—attention.”

Yes, cats love to be cozy and warm, but there are plenty of places around the house for them to snuggle up. What they really want is your undying love and devotion.

Here’s a bit of semi-scientific evidence, courtesy of the internet.

— Hans Zimmer BWAAAHHHHH sound (@GraceSpelman) April 26, 2018

When I work from home, I have to open my personal laptop so that Webster will have a keyboard to sleep on and I can still get something done. pic.twitter.com/ApCZ2uLRWk

— Katy Mersfighter (@KatyMersmann) April 26, 2018

— LucyFur the Cat [Major Tom] (@LucyFurTweets) April 26, 2018

— Jenny Netherton (@jnetherton) April 26, 2018

— Annie (@anniespjs) April 26, 2018

— Lexie (@LivelyLexie) April 26, 2018

— Liz Malm 🦄 (@elizabeth_malm) April 26, 2018

One other possibility for the laptop infatuation is that cats just want to watch Beyoncé videos. We have no scientific explanation for this, other than the fact that she’s a genius and nothing but a light unto this world.

— ii (@MANIPOPPINS) April 26, 2018

— ii (@MANIPOPPINS) April 26, 2018

— Rachel Hock (@RachelCraves) April 28, 2016

Maybe we’ll never know whether your cat loves you, your laptop, or Beyoncé. I’d guess it’s all three.

— mars_stu (@mars_stu) April 26, 2018

Love space? Listen to the latest episode of our new podcast: I Need My Space

Source

https://www.inverse.com/article/44177-why-do-cats-love-laptops-science-explains

Denver passes bill outlawing declawing of cats  Denver passes bill outlawing declawing of cats CatGenericPixabay

Photo: Pixabay

DENVER, Colo. (KUSA-TV) – A new law that would ban declawing cats will go into effect immediately in Denver after it unanimously passed during a Denver City Council meeting Monday.

A bill to ban cat declawing in #Denver was given final approval by City Council. Watch the meeting on Denver 8.

— Denver City Council (@DenCityCouncil) November 14, 2017

Declawing, or onychectomy, is the operation to remove an animal’s claws surgically.

Veterinarians say that all or most of the last bone of each of the ten front toes is removed, and tendons, nerves and ligaments that allow for normal function of the paw are severed.

Denver veterinarian Aubrey Lavizzo previously told KUSA-TV that the operation is not only painful for cats, but also leads to behavioral issues that pet owners find challenging, like using the bathroom in unwanted places.

Denver is the first city outside of California to enforce a declawing ban. Declawing is also prohibited in the cities of Los Angeles, San Francisco, Santa Monica, Berkeley, Beverly Hills, Culver City, West Hollywood, and Burbank.

Source

https://www.wthr.com/article/denver-passes-bill-outlawing-declawing-of-cats

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Indoor Cats Vs Outdoor Cats IMG 20160908 111028

Photo Courtesy Patrick Danforth Photography

If cats are likely to live longer and healthier lives indoors – why are we still allowing them outdoors?

Surprise, living indoors – though – has shortcomings too.

Sixty years ago, indoors vs. outdoors wasn’t an issue. Most cats could come and go as they pleased.

It wasn’t welfare issues that changed their world, encouraging more indoor cats in the U.S., it was mass manufacturing of scoopable clumping cat litter. Back in the feline dark ages, prior to readily available cat litter, cat boxes weren’t sold either. Some cat caretakers improvised with plastic dish pans or even cooking pans and filled them with anything from coal to dirt, but mostly just allowed their cats to do their business outside. When it became clear that cats would use manufactured litter, more cats were eventually transitioned life indoors only.

The advent of manufactured cat litter and boxes meant that cats could more easily be kept as indoor pets. And within only a few years, cats overcame their canine cousins as America’s most popular pet.

Back in 1994 after writing a popular book, Tribe of the Tiger, author Elizabeth Marshall Thomas, who was in rural New Hampshire, told me “Choice is very important (as to whether cats can go indoors and outdoors). I feel cats’ should control their own destiny’s, even if there’s some risk; live by the sword die by the sword.” In the 1990’s these comments weren’t particularly controversial.

By 2004 just over half of all U.S. cats were strictly kept indoors, nearly twice the number of twenty years prior. According to the American Pet Product Association National Pet Owners Survey, in 2004 about a third of all cats could go inside or outside as they please, with the remaining 17 percent outside only. By 2014, about 70 percent of cats are defined as indoors only, with about 25 percent inside or outside as they desire with the remaining five percent described as outside only.

Still, when you do the math, millions of cats continue to have an option to wander outdoors. With some cats it’s because the cats – who perhaps have been outdoors for their lifetime and taken inside – still demand to go outside. Not being able to deal with a feline temper tantrum, cat caretakers relent. Allowing these cats outdoors is one thing.

It’s another view all together when cat caretakers insist that nothing bad can happen to their kitty outdoors, and even encourage their cats to roam. In truth, a lot can happen to their cats outside.

While there are still rural places in the U.S. without nearby roads and lots of cars, those locations remain the exception.

For those who insist their cats are too clever to get in the way of a car, they’re dead wrong. And dead is the operative word. It turns out that according to the National Traffic Safety Commission, 5.4 million cats are hit by cars each year in the United States, and 97 percent of those cats die. There’s no data to reveal how many of these cats are owned or unowned, but these numbers clearly demonstrate that the notion that cats are too ingenious to get hit by cars is a myth.

Cats aren’t the only outdoor hazard. A few licks of sweet tasting anti-freeze can kill a cat, unless it’s a pet-safe product. Cats can nibble on plants treated with pesticides, or plants that may be tasty but are also toxic.

In frigid weather, cats seek heat, and slinking under a car hood can be a feline version of an electric blanket – until an unknowing driver starts the car. It’s not unheard of for veterinarians in cold climates to attempt to save mangled cats.

Another myth about outdoor cats is that they aren’t prone to tick disease. While Lyme disease may not make cats ill, there’s plenty that’s delivered by the blood-suckers that can. Here’s a hit list of tick diseases that can make cats very sick: Cytauxzoonosis (sometimes called bobcat fever), Ehrlichiosis, Haemobartonellosis, Babesiosis and Tularemia. Using a veterinary tick protection, tick disease might be prevented, and the same to stop flea bites which may also cause disease. Also, indoor/outdoor cats might transport fleas into your home – that’s not fun.

Mosquitoes carry heartworm, and the American Heartworm Society points out that all cats should be protected since mosquitoes do get indoors. However, you’d think that all cats going outdoors would receive protection – but few do. In cats, heartworm can cause feline associated respiratory disease (creating asthma-like symptoms), and heartworm is the second most common cause of sudden death in cats.

While heartworm treatment is uncomfortable for dogs, and is expensive; in cats there’s a larger problem – there is no treatment for heartworm (short of prevention).

Indoor Cats Vs Outdoor Cats Wink 2

Photo Courtesy Patrick Danforth Photography

It’s not only parasites that threaten outdoor cats, it’s a long list of additional predators including coyotes, fox, wolves, larger birds of prey, stray dogs and even other cats – who may share infectious disease like feline leukemia or the feline immunodeficiency virus.

However, cats are also a threat to other animals, as cats are both predator and prey. Numbers floated by some bird organizations are often wildly exaggerated.  For example, a frequently quoted report from a Smithsonian article suggests cats kill approximately 1.4 to 3.7 billion birds annually in the U.S. (Loss, Will, and Marra 2013). That’s crazy since the total number of birds that reside in the U.S. is around 3.2 billion (Partners in Flight 2013). If this were true, there would be no birds existing in the U.S.

Cats are, however, opportunistic feeders. So where little lizards abundant, they appear on feline menus. Cats don’t fly, and several studies confirm that cats overall prefer to hunt rodents over birds, particularly species described as a nuisance (Crooks and Soulé 1999, Kays and DeWan 2004, Mitchell and Beck 1992).

Still, being real, cats do certainly kill birds, and other wildlife. There is an ethical question about allowing cats outdoors. Even well-fed cats will sometimes bring home a “gift.”

What’s more, allowing cats to use neighbor lawns as their litter boxes is just plain rude. Also, cats may use neighbor cars as a playground, scratching the car in the process. Also, just being in front of a neighbor’s home (perhaps more likely to appear knowing there are cats indoors in that home), those indoor cats may begin to spray in response to the interlopers. Inappropriate elimination is the most common explanation for relinquishing cats to shelters. There are people who give up on their indoor cats, all because of outdoor cats have wreaked havoc among those inside cats – it happens all the time.

While indoor cats are safer, there’s one silent danger lurking inside the home which may cause or contribute to the likelihood of hyperthyroid disease in cats. Studies show that cats with hyperthyroid disease often have elevated levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) which are found on furniture treated with flame retardants and carpet padding. When diagnosed, hyperthyroid disease, these senior cats can be treated and controlled or even cured.

Cats are also experiencing cancers more often than say sixty years ago. Cats are living longer, and cancer is generally a disease of the aged, but also cats share our environments. So it’s possible the same environmental factors causing cancers in people and often in dogs may also be making cats sick.

Dr. Tony Buffington, legendary veterinarian, an emeritus professor of veterinary clinical sciences at The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine; and clinical professor (volunteer) at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine discovered that unenriched environments are actually stressful to cats. As a result boredom and without appropriate outlets for natural behaviors, cats may actually get sick, causing idiopathic lower urinary tract disease (now dubbed “Pandora’s Syndrome”).  And ILUTD disease can be painful, which causes some cats to urinate outside the litter box, which can cause frustrated owners who give up their cats. It turns out enriching indoor environments is necessary for optimal cat health for indoors cats. It’s true, outdoor cats rarely suffer from boredom.

Also, with more to do, indoor-outdoor cats tend be more active – and not as likely to be overweight or obese, as 60 percent of cats in the U.S fall into that category according to the Association of Pet Obesity Prevention. And there is a correlation in fat cats to arthritis and diabetes, among other medical issues.

It appears to me that the right balance for the benefit of neighbors, wildlife and most of all your cats – is to offer an abundantly enriched environment indoors, without allowing cats outdoors from day one.

Source

https://positively.com/contributors/indoor-cats-vs-outdoor-cats/

University launches STEM textbook loan program for low-income students

The Office of Undergraduate Financial Aid, 1801 Hinman Ave. Provost Jonathan Holloway said he approved Books for Cats to loan low-income students STEM textbooks.  Northwestern launches Books for Cats loan program for STEM classes BOOKS JeffreyWang WEB

The Office of Undergraduate Financial Aid, 1801 Hinman Ave. Provost Jonathan Holloway said he approved Books for Cats to loan low-income students STEM textbooks.

Daily file photo by Jeffrey Wang

Daily file photo by Jeffrey Wang

The Office of Undergraduate Financial Aid, 1801 Hinman Ave. Provost Jonathan Holloway said he approved Books for Cats to loan low-income students STEM textbooks.

Erica Snow, Campus Editor

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Northwestern launched a pilot program this quarter to loan first-year students textbooks related to science, technology, engineering and mathematics classes, Provost Jonathan Holloway said.

Holloway said about a month ago, he approved a proposal brought to him by the Office of Undergraduate Admission. He said he approved the program, Books for Cats, so students could have textbooks at the beginning of the quarter instead of delaying purchases and potentially falling behind in classes.

He said the program allows low-income students to pursue STEM fields on an even playing field.

“We’ve admitted them,” Holloway said. “They are now a part of this community, and we are ethically obliged to make sure that they have every resource they can so that they can have as close to an equitable access to (their) future.”

Holloway said the Office of Undergraduate Admission contacted 351 students to notify them of their potential eligibility for the program.

Brian Drabik, senior associate director of the Office of Undergraduate Financial Aid, said STEM textbooks can be very expensive and a burden to low-income students.

He said students can borrow textbooks for various subjects including chemistry, economics and math from the University and pick them up in the bookstore at Norris University Center. While Books for Cats focuses on “key, introductory” classes, Drabik said students can keep the textbooks into following quarters if they are still needed.

“Especially for incoming students … having assistance with their startup costs is so essential,” Drabik said. “Many times, low-income students may come to campus not as prepared as they thought they may have been, so I imagine that this will alleviate a lot of stress for these students.”

Communication sophomore Kimani Isaac said even though there are opportunities at NU to lower textbook costs for first-year students, there aren’t many for older students like herself.

She said she created a calling on the University to support textbook affordability. As of early Friday morning, more than 530 people had signed the petition, addressed to Holloway, vice president for student affairs Patricia Telles-Irvin and University President Morton Schapiro.

“I’m always going to be happy that there are resources for students to buy books … but, at the same time, it’s only first-year students,” Isaac said. “Where my pain and my hesitation comes from is that, what are those students going to do when they’re no longer first-years?”

Isaac said she hopes textbook affordability programs like Books for Cats are expanded to include majors unrelated to STEM.

The petition asks all professors to eliminate course packets because they are a “burden on the earth” and a “barrier” to education.

However, Holloway said legal complications may arise if professors upload all of their required readings online. He added that he is “completely behind” lowering the barrier to educational resources.

“We are trying to be really sensitive to these issues,” Holloway said. “There are some things that Northwestern will be doing that we will be doing very, very quietly to make sure the students can save face … in this very complicated socioeconomic stew that we have here.”

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Source

https://dailynorthwestern.com/2017/10/06/campus/university-launches-stem-textbook-loan-program-low-income-students/

LONGVIEW — Welcome back to the Conference 4A state boys’ soccer tournament, Palestine.

Junior forward Javier Leonor assisted on both goals — and it was a typical match between Palestine and Terrell as the Wildcats blanked the Tigers 2-0 to claim the Conference 4A-Region II championship on Saturday at Lobo Stadium.

“Terrell is a very good well-coached team,” said Palestine head coach John Absalom. “They are very disciplined on defense, and I knew it was going to be a low-scoring game.”

The unblemished 34-0 Wildcats will take on Progreso (23-7-2) at 6:30 p.m. on Wednesday in the Conference 4A state semifinals set for Birkelbach Field in Georgetown. The other half of the bracket features Madisonville (25-1-2) and San Elizario (20-5).

Palestine scored once in the first half and once in the second half as Terrell pushed its five midfielders toward the back line — which essentially made for eight defenders at once.

Tony Guzman netted Palestine’s opening goal in the 13th minute as Leonor dribbled to the right and spotted him running in from the left flank. Guzman rocketed home the goal — lifting Palestine to an early lead.

Palestine had other chances to score, including a pair of absolute lasers from Riley Harper, but Terrell goalkeeper Wilson Valadez was up to the task and stopped them.

The Wildcats wouldn’t score again until the 67th minute — with what proved to be an insurance tally.

Defenseman Malachi Musil was in the right spot at the right time to flick a Leonor rebound past Valadez into the lower right corner.

Musil jumped into the air with glee, and he was immediately congratulated by Guzman — who also pressured Valadez at the same time. The Terrell netminder was injured on the exchange, but later remained in the game.

In the victory over Terrell, Palestine finished with 33 shots on goal with 13 of them on frame. The team took seven corner kicks.

Palestine goalkeeper Christian Hutchinson recorded yet another shutout, and he made just one on-frame save — illustrating how customarily tough the Wildcat defense was again.

Palestine 6, Ferris 2

Palestine made its way into the 4A-Region II final with a 6-2 victory over Ferris on Friday evening.

Ferris deadlocked the score at 2-all in the 66th minute on a penalty kick; but, that’s when the Wildcat offense turned on the afterburners.

Chris Giron scored off a Leonor corner kick to break the tie. Leonor netted Palestine’s next two goals — which provided all the insurance the Wildcats needed.

Jose Sanchez blasted home a goal in the 76th minute to cap the scoring.

Overview

Absalom was proud of how Palestine handled a pair of 3-5-2 formations with different styles.

“They both played different,” Absalom said. “Ferris was the more offensive-minded team with a better attack. Terrell is defensive-minded. I think Ferris wore down. Both teams played physical, and (our) kids kept their composure.”

Today

There will be a special send-off for the Palestine soccer team — which will visit every school in the  PISD; then there’s a ceremony at the high school before the team boards the bus at 1:30 p.m.

Complete University Interscholastic League tournament pairings (Conferences 4A-6A) will run in the Wednesday edition of the Herald-Press.

Source

http://www.palestineherald.com/sports/high-school-soccer-cats-are-state-bound/article_2cb988f6-41ec-11e8-8a0e-f33234434758.html

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